Impact of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers on Canadian Environment and Health of Canadians

January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2002CompletedProject

Three main objectives of this project were to determine: 1) the status of PBDEs in the Canadian aquatic environment; 2) the status PBDE exposure in Canadians; and 3) the potential health effects of high exposures to PBDEs. PBDEs in Canadian breast milk and some foods, fish, fish-eating birds, and other organisms of the Great Lakes, St. Lawrence and west coast of Canada were measured by QA/QC analytical chemistry methods developed at Canadian research centres. The physical properties of some PBDEs and their levels in air and sediments of remote lakes and in the Arctic were also studied. (PBDE's); (PBDE); (chemicals of emerging concern); (chemical of emerging concern); (Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers); (Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether); (flame retardant); (flame retardants); (organobromides); (persistent organic pollutants); (organobromide); (persistent organic pollutant); (toxic organic); (toxic organics); (chemicals of concern); (chemical of concern)

Project Data
Associated Agencies
  • Health Canada

    Funding 24 projects for a total of $190,000

    0 USD (Actual)

Associated Researchers
Attached Publications
  • Alaee M., Wenning R.J. (Guest Editors). 2002. Special issue: Brominated flame retardants in the environment. Chemosphere. 46 (5).

  • Alaee, M., Sergeant, D.B., Ikonomou, M.G., Luross, J.M. 2001. A gas chromatography/ high hesolution mass spectrometry method for determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fish. Chemosphere. 44: 1489-1495.

  • Alaee M., Wenning, R.J. 2002. The significance of brominated flame retardants in the environment: current understanding, issues and challenges. Chemosphere. 46: 579-582.

  • Alaee, M., Backus, S., Cannon, C. 2001.Potential interference of PBDEs in the determination of PCBS and other organochlorine contaminants using electron capture detection. Jour. Sep. Sci. 24: 465-469.

  • Chen, G., Konstantinov, A.D., Chittim, B.G., Heikkila, E., Bols, N.C., Bunce, N.J. 2001. Synthesis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and their capacity to induce CYP1A by the Ah receptor mediated pathway. Environ. Sci. Tech. 35: 3749-3756.

  • Ikonomou, M.G., Rayne, S., Fischer, M., Fernandez, M.P., Cretney, W. 2002. Occurrence and congeners profiles of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental samples from Western Canada. Chemosphere. 46: 649-643.

  • Ikonomou, M.G., Rayne, S., Addison, R.F. 2002. Exponential increases of the brominated flame retardants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, in the Canadian Arctic from 1981 to 2000. Environ. Sci. Tech. 36: 1886-1892.

  • Luross, J.M., Alaee, M., Sergeant, D.B., Cannon, C.M., Whittle, D.M., Solomon, K.R., Muir D.C.G. 2002. Spatial distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polybrominated biphenyls in lake trout from the Laurentian Great Lakes. Chemosphere. 46.

  • Palm, A., Cousins, I.T., Mackay, D., Tysklind, M., Metcalfe, C., Alaee, M. 2002. Assessing the environmental fate of chemicals of emerging concern: A case study of the polybrominated diphenyl ethers. Enviro. Pollut. 117: 195-213

  • Wong, A., Lei, Y.D., Alaee, M., Wania, F. 2001. Vapor pressures of the polybrominated diphenyl ethers. Jour. Chem. Eng. Data. 46: 239-242.